Select the search type
  • Site
  • Web

Conditions Treated

At Jersey Shore Podiatry, our foot and ankle specialist, Dr. Robert Sussman, has years of experience treating a whole spectrum of conditions. From the most simple problem such as an ingrown toenail to a complex issue, our foot doctors provide comprehensive care to diagnose and treat your problem.

Our Conditions Treated

SuperUser Account
/ Categories: Conditions Treated

Toe Deformities : Mallet Toe

surgical treatment of the foot Neptune Monmouth County Jersey Shore Spring Lake Marlboro Ocean Township Oakhurst Toms River Redbank Seagirt Freehold Manalapan Wall Township Allenhurst Deal Shrewsbury Little Silver Rumson New Jersey


Mallet toe most commonly affects the longest toe on the foot, although any toe can be affected.  It causes the joint closest to the tip of the toe to bend downward.  Mallet toe is most frequently caused by structural problems in the toe or from wearing poor fitting shoes.  It is important to diagnose and treat mallet toe early when the joints are still flexible, because the condition tends to become worse over time.  Joints that become rigid or fixed can require surgery to place the bones in proper position.


Your toes are part of your forefoot.  They help you balance, walk, and move.  Your big toe (hallux) contains two bones (phalanges).  Your second through fifth toes contain three bones.  Mallet toe results when the joint nearest the tip of the toe (DIP joint) is bent (flexed) downward or angled to the right or left side.


Overall, mallet toe occurs less frequently than other types of toe deformities.  Mallet toe commonly develops because of structural changes that take place over time in the muscles and tendons that bend the toes.  People with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, or stroke, are at risk for developing mallet toe.  People with high arches in their foot may be more susceptible to mallet toe.  It can be an inherited condition.  Other causes include trauma and wearing shoes that are tight or have high heels.  The longest toe on the foot is most frequently affected by mallet toe.


The symptoms of mallet toe are progressive, meaning that they get worse over time.  Mallet toe causes the end joint on the toe to bend downward.  At first, the joint may be moveable, but over time, the joint can become fixed or rigid.

The affected toe may be painful or irritated, especially when you wear shoes. Areas of thickened skin (corns) may develop between, on top of, or at the end of your toes.  People with diabetes are especially vulnerable for developing a sore (skin ulcer) on the tip of the toe.  Thickened skin (calluses) may appear on the bottom of your toe or the ball of your foot.  It may be difficult to find a pair of shoes that are comfortable to wear.  A mallet toe can eventually interfere with walking.


Your doctor can diagnose mallet toe by reviewing your medical history and examining your foot.  X-rays will be taken.  In some cases, nerve studies may be conducted.


There are many non-surgical treatments to help relieve symptoms of mallet toe.  The first step for many people is wearing the right size and type of shoe.  Low-heeled shoes with a boxy or roomy toe area are helpful.  Cushioned insoles, customized orthopedic inserts, and pads can provided relief as well.  Your doctor may show you toe stretches and exercises to perform.  
Your podiatrist can safely remove corns and calluses.  You should not try to remove them at home.


Surgery is used when other types of treatment fail to relieve symptoms or the toes have become rigid or cross over each other.  There are several types of surgery to treat mallet toe.  A tendon may be lengthened or a small piece of bone may be removed from the joint (arthroplasty).  Surgical hardware, such as a pin, may be used to hold the bones in place while they heal.  In extreme cases, a toe may need to be surgically removed (amputated).  
You may need to use crutches or a walker for a short time following surgery. Your doctor will direct you to gradually increase the amount of weight that you put on your foot.



Recovery from non-surgical and surgical treatment for mallet toe is individualized.  Recovery depends on several factors, including the cause and extent of your condition and the type of treatment you received.  Some surgeries can take between 6 and 12 weeks for a full recovery.  Your podiatrist will let you know what to expect.


It is important to visit a podiatrist if you develop mallet toe.  Early treatment can help prevent future deformities.  Mallet toe that is not treated can become worse over time, leading to a fixed joint and possible surgery.

Previous Article Toe Deformities : Claw Toe
Next Article Heel Spurs
531 Rate this article:
No rating

Please login or register to post comments.


Popular Post


Register Our Newsletter



Contact Us

Location and Hours

Business Hours


Saturday: Closed

Sunday: Closed

Monday : 9 am to 7 pm

Tuesday : 9 am to 5 pm

Wednesday : 9 am to 4 pm

Thursday : 9 am to 7 pm

Friday : 9 am to 2 pm


Feel free to email us at:


Jersey Shore Podiatry

1820 CORLIES Ave.
Neptune, NJ 07753

Phone: (732) 776-7260
Fax: (732) 774-8370


Latitude 40.207980 Longitude -74.035300